History of Hazara since Alexander reign

Alexander and Ashoka’s Reign

Alexander the Great, in the wake of conquering parts of the Northern Punjab, set up his control over an extensive portion of Hazara. In 327 B.C., Alexander gave this region over to Abisaras (Αβισαρης), the Raja of Poonch state.


Hazara remained a part of the Taxila organization amid the lead of the Maurya tradition. Ashoka the Great was the Governor of this territory when he was a sovereign. After the passing of his dad Bindusara around 272 B.C., Ashoka acquired the position of royalty and ruled this territory and in addition Gandhara. Today, the Edicts of Ashoka engraved on three expansive rocks close Bareri Hill fill in as proof of his control here. The Mansehra rocks record fourteen of Ashoka’s proclamations, introducing parts of the sovereign’s dharma or noble law, and speak to the most punctual obvious confirmation of writing in South Asia. Dating to center of the third century BC, they are composed from appropriate to left in the Kharosthi content.


Hazara has a few spots of worthiness for the Hindus identified with the Pandavas.


There are the five Pandavas, the saints of the Mahabharat most loved objects of love in the east and here and there tended to as the Panj Pir. Many are the legends current about these saints and they are restricted at a significant number of spots. The Hill of Mokshpuri, simply above Dunga Gali has a rise of 9232 feet. Its name signifies ‘the slope of salvation’ and on its summit is a Panduan da Sthan, or place of the Pandavas, where it is said they were gone by and enticed by Apsaras who still successive the place .”


In the second century CE, a legendary ruler Raja Risalu, child of Raja Salbahan of Sialkot, as far as anyone knows brought the zone under his control. The nearby individuals consider him as a mainstream people saint. At the point when a Chinese traveler, Hiun-Tsang, went to this territory, it was under the control of Raja Durlabha vardhana, the leader of Kashmir.


The Shahi Dynasties ruled Hazara in a steady progression. Among the Hindu Shahi administration rulers, Raja Jayapala is the best known. Mehmood of Ghazni vanquished Raja Jayapala amid his initially battle. In any case, there is no chronicled prove that Mehmood of Ghazni at any point went by or went through Mansehra. After the fall of the Shahi tradition, in the eleventh century, the Kashmiris took control of this zone under the authority of Kalashan (1063 to 1089). From 1112 to 1120, King Susala ruled this zone. In the twelfth century, Asalat Khan caught this region yet not long after Mohammad of Ghor’s passing the Kashmiris at the end of the day recaptured control of Hazara.


Amb and its encompassing regions of Hazara have a long history which can be followed to Alexander the Great’s intrusion of India. Arrian, Alexander’s student of history, did not demonstrate the correct area of Embolina, but rather since it is realized that Aoronos was on the correct bank of the River Indus, the town filled in as Alexander’s base of provisions may all things considered be additionally searched for there.


In 1854 Major James Abbott, the British boondocks officer from whom Abbottabad, authoritative focus of Hazara, takes its name, talked about his area of Aornos on the Mahaban run south of Buner. He proposed, as M. Court, one of Ranjit Singh’s French commanders had done before him in 1839, to perceive Embolima in the present town of Amb arranged on the correct bank of the Indus. It lies around eight miles toward the east of Mahaban and is the place from which the later Nawabs of Amb take their title.

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