Tanoli Tribe

Introduction:

The Tanoli are a tribe of the Tanawal valley locale in the Hazara. The Tanolis are Arabic inception and plummet from Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib , The fatherly Uncle of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H).The Most individuals from the Tanoli tribe live in the previous royal territory of Amb in the Hazara Division of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa region of Pakistan, in the urban communities of Abbottabad, Khalabat Township, Haripur and its area, Mansehra, Battagram and Kohistan locale. A branch of the Tanoli tribe additionally lives in Kashmir, for the most part in Muzaffarabad and Srinagar. Tanolis likewise occupy the urban communities of Quetta and Karachi. They rule the Tanawal-Sherwan belt.

In Afghanistan, the Tanoli principally live in the eastern regions of Paktia, Gardez, and Ghazni.The word Tanawal is gotten from Dara Tanol of Afghanistan. The Tanoli took an interest in the boondocks wars with the British and in Charles Allen’s investigation of those wars were portrayed as “to a great degree antagonistic” and “overcome and solid and represented the best swordsmen in Hazara.

 

The Tanoli are otherwise called Tanawal, for the name of the stream. The British Census incorporated a few variation types of the name: Taniwal Tanole Tanaoli, Tanol, Tol, Tholi, Tahoa, (Tarnoli,Tanis,Tanai are not used for tanoli tribe)

 

Homeland of Tanoli Tribe:

 

The Tanoli were first experienced by Westerners around 1700 AD “in the trans Indus bowl of the Mahaban from which they were driven over the Indus by the Yusufzai” tribe. By the late nineteenth century the Tanaoli had settled the Tanawal tract in the west focus of the locale amongst Abbottabad and the Indus, and in the broad slope nation between the waterway and the Urash fields.

 

As indicated by the Settlement Report of Hazara, ordered by Major Wace (1872), the Tanolis, who established a state named Amb, had effectively settled their power over Tanawal. The voluminous Urdu duplicate of the settlement report of Hazara contains numerous sections in its verifiable resume of the zone. In various maps drawn at the time and encased in the report, demonstrating Hazara under the Mughals and under the Durranis, the Amb state has been appeared as Mulk-i-Tanawal. The first presence of that Mulk is as old as the center time of the immense Afghan attacks of India.

 

The Tanoli are separated into two noteworthy sub-tribes: the Hindwal and the Pallal. The last possesses the northern segment of the Tanawal tract, and, until the disintegration of the august states in 1968, constituted the semi-autonomous realm of Amb.Amb was initially known as Tanawal and was the tribal country of the Tanoli individuals. The Nawabs of the Tanolis were best known for battling against the Sikhs under Ranjit Singh. Before this, Tanawal was additionally a piece of Pakhal Sarkar, which was managed by Turks for a considerable length of time. The last Turk leader of Hazara (Pakhal Sarkar) was Sultan Mehmud Khurd and his sibling Sultan Qias-ud-Din Khan was the last Turk Wa’ali (Governor) of Tanawal. At the point when the Tanolis ousted the Turks, they likewise picked up quality and built up their control in upper Tanawal and a segment of lower Tanawal also. Accordingly was the start of Amb State around the finish of eighteenth century. Relatives of Sultan Qias-ud-Din, notwithstanding, figured out how to hold certain terrains in bring down Tanawel and expected the title of Raja in the wake of setting up a Jagir. Regardless they live in town Behali in Mansehra District. The Nawabs later settled Amb as a regal state, positioning as a non-salute state under the British Raj (zone: 699 km 2). In 1947 the Nawab of Amb, Mohammad Farid Khan, acquiesced to Pakistan. In 1969, the state was joined into the North-West Frontier Province and in 1971 the illustrious status of the Nawab was canceled by the Government of Pakistan. The development of the Tarbela Dam over the Indus River in the mid 1970s brought about quite a bit of Amb state being submerged by the store. Region: 585 km¬≤. Capital: Darband and Shergarh as summer habitation.

 

As indicated by Tanoli convention (safeguarded in a critique in view of a 1881/1891 enumeration report they are named after a place in “Afghanistan” (not to be mistaken for the present-day province of Afghanistan)

 

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